The ACT (American College Testing) is a standardized test used for college admissions in the United States. It measures a student’s academic proficiency in core subjects such as English, mathematics, reading, and science. The test is designed to assess a student’s readiness for college-level work and to provide colleges and universities with a standard measure of student achievement. The ACT is administered by ACT, Inc., a non-profit organization based in Iowa City, Iowa.
The ACT was first administered in 1959 as a competitor to the SAT (Scholastic Assessment Test). The test was developed by Everett Franklin Lindquist, who was a professor of education at the University of Iowa. The original purpose of the ACT was to provide an alternative to the SAT, which was the dominant college entrance exam at the time. The ACT quickly gained popularity in the Midwest and became a viable alternative to the SAT.
The ACT consists of four multiple-choice sections: English, mathematics, reading, and science. The test also includes an optional writing section, which is scored separately. The English section tests a student’s grammar and usage skills, while the mathematics section covers algebra, geometry, and trigonometry. The reading section assesses a student’s ability to comprehend and analyze written texts, while the science section tests a student’s ability to understand and interpret data from scientific passages. The writing section requires students to write an essay on a given topic.
Each of the four multiple-choice sections of the ACT is scored on a scale of 1-36, and the scores are averaged to produce a composite score. The writing section is scored separately on a scale of 2-12, and the score is not included in the composite score. The composite score is the most important score on the ACT, and it is used by colleges and universities to make admission decisions. The higher the composite score, the better a student’s chances of getting into a selective college or university.
Students typically prepare for the ACT by taking practice tests, attending review classes, and working with tutors. There are many test preparation resources available, including books, online courses, and in-person classes. Some students also choose to take the SAT in addition to the ACT, as some colleges accept either test.
The ACT is used by most colleges and universities in the United States as part of their admissions process. Some colleges also require or recommend SAT Subject Tests, which are exams that test a student’s knowledge in specific subject areas. Students should check with individual colleges to see which tests are required or recommended for admission.
The ACT is a standardized test used by colleges and universities in the United States to assess a student’s readiness for college-level work. The test measures a student’s proficiency in core subjects and provides a standard measure of student achievement. Students should prepare for the test by taking practice tests and attending review classes, and should check with individual colleges to see which tests are required or recommended for admission.