How to Become an Electrician?

Ready To Start Your Journey?

If you’re interested in pursuing a career as an electrician, there are several steps you’ll need to take to achieve your goal. Electricians are skilled tradespeople who install and maintain electrical systems in homes, businesses, and other buildings. They are responsible for ensuring that electrical systems are safe and functioning properly, and they may also be involved in designing and planning electrical systems for new construction projects.

One of the first steps towards becoming an electrician is to earn a high school diploma or equivalent. From there, you’ll need to complete an apprenticeship program, which typically lasts several years and involves both classroom instruction and on-the-job training. Depending on where you live, you may also need to obtain a license to work as an electrician.

While the path to becoming an electrician can be challenging, it can also be incredibly rewarding. Electricians are in high demand across the country, and the job offers competitive salaries and opportunities for career advancement. With the right education and training, you can build a successful career as an electrician and make a meaningful contribution to your community.

Education and Training

To become an electrician, you need to have a combination of education, training, and experience. Here are the three main types of education and training required to become an electrician:

High School Education

The first step to becoming an electrician is to earn a high school diploma or equivalent. This is a basic requirement for most electrician training programs. High school courses that offer skill sets for electricians include algebra, physics, English, and shop drawing classes. These courses can help you develop the skills and knowledge necessary to work as an electrician.

Vocational Training

After earning a high school diploma or equivalent, you can attend a vocational, technical, or trade school to learn the skills needed to become an electrician. Electrician trade schools can teach important skills on circuitry, safety, and basic electrical information. Some of the courses offered in these schools include:

  • Electrical theory
  • Blueprint reading
  • Mathematics
  • Electrical code requirements
  • Safety and first aid practices


Completing an apprenticeship program is the most common way to become a licensed electrician. Apprenticeships are paid, multi-year training programs that provide on-the-job training and classroom instruction. During an apprenticeship, you will work alongside experienced electricians, learn the trade, and develop the skills necessary to become a journeyman electrician. The requirements for apprenticeship programs vary by state, but most programs require candidates to have a high school diploma or equivalent, be at least 18 years old, and pass a basic aptitude test.

Apprenticeship RequirementsDurationSkills Learned
High school diploma or equivalent4-5 yearsElectrical theory, circuitry, safety practices, electrical code requirements, blueprint reading, mathematics, and first aid practices

Licensing and Certification

Licensing Requirements

In Pennsylvania, there is no state-wide licensing requirement to conduct electrical work. However, each municipality has specific requirements to obtain appropriate licensure. Counties and cities have their own licensure and certification processes, and it is important to research the specific requirements for the area in which you plan to work.

Some of the requirements that may be necessary to obtain licensure include:

  • Completion of an apprenticeship program
  • Passing an exam
  • Providing proof of liability insurance
  • Submitting an application and paying a fee

It is important to note that licensure requirements can vary widely depending on the municipality, so it is crucial to thoroughly research the requirements for the specific area in which you plan to work.

Certification Programs

While certification is not required to work as an electrician in Pennsylvania, it can be beneficial in demonstrating your knowledge and skills to potential employers. There are a variety of certification programs available, including:

  • National Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee (NJATC)
  • International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW)
  • National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA)

These programs offer training in a variety of areas, including safety, electrical theory, and practical application. Certification can also lead to increased job opportunities and higher pay.

It is important to research and choose a reputable certification program that meets your needs and goals as an electrician.

Skills and Qualities

Technical Skills

One of the most important skills for an electrician is technical expertise. This includes understanding electrical systems, circuits, and safety procedures. An electrician must be able to read and interpret blueprints, schematics, and diagrams. They should also have experience with electrical tools and equipment, such as multimeters, wire strippers, and pliers. Additionally, knowledge of electrical codes and regulations is crucial.

Problem-Solving Skills

Electricians encounter a variety of problems on the job, and they must be able to solve them quickly and effectively. They should be able to identify the root cause of an issue and develop a plan to fix it. This requires critical thinking skills, attention to detail, and the ability to work under pressure. Electricians should also have good communication skills to explain complex technical issues to clients and colleagues.

Physical Stamina

Electricians often work in physically demanding environments, such as construction sites, and may need to climb ladders or work in confined spaces. They should have good physical stamina and be able to lift heavy equipment or materials. Additionally, electricians should be comfortable working at heights and in adverse weather conditions.

Other important skills and qualities for electricians include:

  • Teamwork
  • Flexibility
  • Basic math skills
  • Customer service skills
  • Good communication and people skills
  • Ability to work independently or in a team
  • Willingness to learn
  • Mental and physical aptitude
  • Manual dexterity

Developing these skills and qualities takes time and effort, but they are essential for a successful career as an electrician.

Job Outlook and Salary

Employment Opportunities

Electricians are in high demand and the job outlook for this profession is positive. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), electrician jobs nationwide are expected to grow around 9% over the next ten years, between 2020-2030. This growth rate is faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for electricians is driven by the need to install and maintain electrical systems in new construction projects and to upgrade and repair existing systems in older buildings.

Employment opportunities for electricians are available in a variety of settings, including residential, commercial, and industrial. Electricians may work for electrical contractors, construction companies, manufacturers, or government agencies. Some electricians choose to start their own businesses and work as independent contractors.

Salary Expectations

The salary of an electrician can vary depending on several factors, including experience, education, and location. According to the BLS, the median annual wage for electricians was $56,900 in May 2020. The lowest 10 percent of electricians earned less than $34,030, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $98,720.

Electricians who have completed an apprenticeship program or have additional certifications or licenses may earn higher salaries. Electricians who work in certain industries, such as natural gas distribution or aerospace product and parts manufacturing, may also earn higher wages.

Overall, becoming an electrician can be a rewarding career choice with positive job outlook and salary expectations. If you are interested in pursuing a career as an electrician, be sure to research the specific requirements and opportunities in your area.


Electricians are highly skilled professionals who play an essential role in modern society. They install, maintain, and repair electrical systems in homes, businesses, and other settings. Becoming an electrician requires dedication, hard work, and a commitment to lifelong learning.

If you’re considering a career as an electrician, there are several steps you can take to get started. First, you’ll need to earn your high school diploma or GED. From there, you can pursue an apprenticeship with a licensed electrician. This will give you hands-on experience and help you develop the skills and knowledge you need to succeed in this field.

During your apprenticeship, you’ll learn about electrical theory, wiring techniques, and safety procedures. You’ll also gain practical experience working on real-world projects. Once you’ve completed your apprenticeship, you can take the journeyman’s exam to become a licensed electrician.

As a licensed electrician, you’ll have the opportunity to work in a variety of settings, from residential homes to commercial buildings to industrial facilities. You’ll be responsible for ensuring that electrical systems are installed and maintained safely and efficiently.

Overall, becoming an electrician is a challenging but rewarding career choice. With the right training and experience, you can build a successful and fulfilling career in this field. So if you’re interested in working with your hands, solving problems, and making a difference in people’s lives, consider becoming an electrician.

Trending College Admission Resources 🔥

Ready To Start Your Journey?

Avatar photo About the author: Arnoldo Reyes is a skilled data scientist with a passion for using data to drive business success. Born and raised in Mexico City, he now calls San Diego home and is proud to be part of the vibrant tech community in Southern California. Arnoldo studied at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), where he earned a degree in Data Science and Analytics.