How to Become a Plumber?

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If you’re interested in a career as a plumber, you’re in luck. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the demand for plumbers is expected to grow by 4% from 2022 to 2032. Becoming a plumber requires a combination of formal education, on-the-job training, and licensure. Want to secure a rewarding job in less time? Dive into this list of lucrative trade professions.

The first step to becoming a plumber is to obtain a high school diploma or GED. Plumbers need a solid foundation in math, science, and computers, so taking courses in these subjects is highly recommended. Once you have a high school diploma or GED, you can begin formal training. Technical-school programs in plumbing are available, but most plumbers enter the profession through an apprenticeship program. These programs typically last four to five years and can be found through local trade schools, businesses, and union chapters.

CollegeRanker is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.



Before embarking on a career in plumbing, you must obtain a high school diploma or GED. Plumbers require a foundation in math, science, and computers. Algebra and geometry are essential for calculating pipe lengths, angles, and dimensions. Physics is necessary for understanding the principles of water pressure, flow, and gravity. Basic computer skills are essential for reading and interpreting blueprints and diagrams.


After completing high school, you must complete vocational training for plumbing. This training covers the theory and practice of plumbing, including pipefitting, welding, soldering, and brazing. It also covers the installation, repair, and maintenance of plumbing systems, such as water supply, drainage, and sewage. Vocational training may take up to two years to complete.

Licenses and Certifications

After completing vocational training, you must complete a plumbing apprenticeship. This apprenticeship is typically four to five years long and includes on-the-job training under the supervision of a licensed plumber. During this time, you will learn the practical skills required to become a plumber, such as how to install, repair, and maintain plumbing systems. Once you have completed your apprenticeship, you must obtain a license to work as a plumber. The requirements for a license vary by state, but generally, you must pass an exam that tests your knowledge of plumbing codes, regulations, and safety practices.

Skills and Qualities

If you’re interested in becoming a plumber, it’s important to have the necessary skills and qualities to succeed in this field. Here are some of the most important skills and qualities you should possess:

Physical Stamina

Plumbing can be a physically demanding job that requires you to work in tight spaces, lift heavy objects, and stand for long periods of time. As a result, it’s important to have good physical stamina to keep up with the demands of the job. Plumbers need to be able to work in cramped spaces, crawl under floors, and climb ladders to access pipes and fixtures. Good physical fitness, strength, and agility are essential for this line of work.

Problem-Solving Skills

Plumbing can be a complex and challenging field that requires you to solve problems on a regular basis. Plumbers need to be able to diagnose issues with plumbing systems, identify the root cause of the problem, and come up with effective solutions to fix them. This requires strong analytical skills, critical thinking, and attention to detail. Plumbers need to be able to troubleshoot problems and think on their feet to solve issues as they arise.

Communication Skills

Plumbers need to be able to communicate effectively with clients, colleagues, and other professionals in the industry. This requires good verbal and written communication skills, as well as the ability to listen actively and ask questions. Plumbers need to be able to explain technical information in a clear and concise manner, and provide guidance to clients on how to maintain their plumbing systems. Good communication skills are essential for building strong relationships with clients and colleagues, and for ensuring that plumbing projects are completed successfully.

Career Path

Plumbing is a skilled trade that requires formal training and apprenticeship. Below are the steps to follow to become a plumber:


The first step to becoming a plumber is to complete an apprenticeship program. Apprenticeship programs typically last 4-5 years and include both classroom instruction and on-the-job training. During the apprenticeship, you will learn how to install and repair plumbing systems, read blueprints, and work with various plumbing tools and materials. Apprenticeships are often offered through local unions, trade schools, or plumbing companies.

Journeyman Plumber

After completing an apprenticeship program, you can become a journeyman plumber. Journeyman plumbers are licensed to work independently and can perform a wide range of plumbing tasks, including installing and repairing pipes, fixtures, and appliances. To become a journeyman plumber, you must pass a licensing exam and meet any additional requirements set by your state or local government.

Master Plumber

Master plumbers are experienced professionals who have completed additional training and testing beyond the journeyman level. They are licensed to design and oversee plumbing systems, as well as install and repair them. To become a master plumber, you must typically have several years of experience as a journeyman plumber, complete additional coursework or training, and pass a licensing exam.

Overall, becoming a plumber requires hard work, dedication, and a commitment to ongoing education and training. However, with the right skills and experience, it can be a rewarding and lucrative career path.

Job Outlook and Salary

Job Outlook

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the employment of plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters is expected to grow by 9,100 from 2021-2031. This is a growth rate of 5%, which is average compared to other careers.

The job market for plumbers is expected to remain steady as new construction and renovation projects will continue to require plumbing work. However, the demand for plumbers may fluctuate depending on the economy and the level of construction activity in a particular region.

Overall, the job outlook for plumbers is promising, and those who have completed an apprenticeship or have relevant experience should have good opportunities to find work.


The median annual salary for plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters was $59,880 in 2020, according to the BLS. The lowest 10% earned less than $34,630, and the highest 10% earned more than $97,170.

The salary for plumbers can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, and type of employer. Plumbers who work for government agencies or in manufacturing tend to earn higher salaries than those who work for small plumbing businesses.

It’s important to note that plumbers who are self-employed may have higher earning potential but also have to cover their own expenses such as tools, insurance, and advertising.

Overall, the salary for plumbers is competitive and can provide a comfortable living for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to gain the necessary skills and experience.


Plumbing is a skilled trade that requires a combination of technical knowledge, physical dexterity, and problem-solving skills. Becoming a plumber is a great career choice for people who enjoy working with their hands, solving complex problems, and helping others.

To become a plumber, you need to complete a technical trade school or apprenticeship program, acquire a license and certifications, and gain experience in the field. It’s important to choose a reputable technical school or employer to ensure that you receive the proper training and education.

Plumbing is a rewarding career that offers job security, competitive wages, and opportunities for growth and advancement. With the right training and experience, you can become a successful plumber and make a positive impact on your community.